It can pose a very difficult situation for any Nevada resident when a parent violates the terms of a custody agreement and takes their child to another country. Recent high-profile cases have inspired changes in the law at the federal level, and the Obama administration is taking stronger steps than ever before to find abducted children internationally and return them to their rightful homes.
Reports by the U. S. State Department estimate that 8,000 children are abducted by a noncustodial parent or a parent in violation of custody every year. Even if the child has been taken to a country that is a signatory to an existing treaty governing these issues, there is only about a 50 percent chance that the child will ever be returned.
Cases where noncustodial parents removed their children to countries like Brazil and Venezuela have revealed serious weaknesses in the law. The ability to enforce court decisions across international borders has always been limited, and the economic challenges facing parents who are seeking to protect their custodial rights can be significant. Recent legislation has been passed by the U. S. Congress and signed into law that attempts to alleviate the conditions. In addition to other changes, the State Department will now produce a yearly report that names every country where at least one international parental abduction occurred.
A parent who is involved in a child custody dispute may benefit from the advice and counsel of a family law attorney. In some cases, it may be possible to obtain a modification of an existing order if it can be shown to the court that a change in circumstances of one of the parents necessitates it.
Source: Seattle PI, "Complex challenges posed in international child abductions," Rik Stevens, May 10, 2015